The Cairn Terrier (also known simply as the “Cairn”) is a terrier that features a fox-like face with pointed ears and a wiry coat that comes in virtually any color but white. Their non-shedding coat, high level of energy and playfulness with children make the Cairn Terrier a popular breed for allergy sufferers, active owners or families.
Origins Of The Cairn Terrier
The Cairn Terrier was originally created in the regions of the Isle of Skye and the Highlands of Scotland where they became a distinct breed from the Scottish and West Highland White Terriers in the early 1900s. They were originally used for the purposes of hunting prey such as foxes and rodents that resided in ledges and rock piles throughout the countryside.
Average Size Of The Cairn Terrier
Cairn Terriers are classified as a small-sized breed. The recommended standard size for the Cairn Terrier male is 10-12 inches tall from paw to shoulder and a weight of 14 pounds, whereas the suggested size for female Cairn Terriers is 9.5 inches high from paw to shoulder with a weight of 13 pounds.
Temperament Of The Cairn Terrier
The Cairn Terrier is well-known for their spirited and independent personality. They are typically reserved with visitors and are a natural watch dog but their size often means they are unsuitable as a guard dog.
The Cairn Terrier is also known to be quite intelligent – scoring 35th compared to other dogs in terms of their ability to learn obedience directives.
They are also well-known to be playful with kids – which makes them fairly suitable as a family pet. The Cairn Terrier is not highly compatible with other animals like rabbits, cats or mice due to their natural prey instinct but they can get along with other dogs when properly socialized.
Living Requirements Of The Cairn Terrier
The Cairn Terrier needs a well-fenced yard if they are to be left outside as they love to dig, but they can also be quite suitable for life in an apartment just as long as they are given enough exercise.
Health & Life Expectancy Of The Cairn Terrier
Similar to lots of small-sized breeds of dogs, the Cairn Terrier is by and large long-lived with a life expectancy of 12-15 years. The most severe health problem for Cairn Terriers is typically known as allergies to fleas that cause skin rashes and irritation. They are also vulnerable to conditions that include eye problems like cataracts or Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) and patellar luxation but are overall a very healthy breed.
Exercise Needs Of The Cairn Terrier
The Cairn Terrier enjoys endeavors such as chasing after a ball or stick, going for a jog or having play sessions with a canine companion. They have a high amount of energy and need exercise each day in the manner of moderate-length daily walks to prevent destructive behavior such as digging or excessive barking.