The Dachshund (whose name means “badger dog” in German and is often affectionately nicknamed the “sausage dog”) is a hound dog known for their famous elongated body. They feature a sable, chocolate, black and tan or chocolate and tan coat in short-haired, wire-haired and long-haired varieties. The breed comes in standard and miniature sizes and their comical appearance, playfulness and affection with their owner make the Dachshund one of the most popular companion breeds in the United States.
Origins Of The Dachshund
The Dachshund is known to have first appeared in Germany during the 18th century and was bred for the purpose of scenting and flushing badgers out of their burrows. Their actual origins are largely unknown and their heritage is thought to include breeds such as the German Shorthaired Pointer and Pinscher crossed with bloodhounds like the Bracke, Bruno Jura Hound or St. Hubert Hound – though other theories suggest they are a descendant of the Basset Hound. All that is known for certain is that the short-haired Dachshund appeared before any other varieties.
Average Size Of The Dachshund
Dachshunds are classed as a small-sized breed. The suggested standard size for the Dachshund male and female is 8-11 inches tall from paw to shoulder and a weight of 16-32 pounds, while the suggested size for miniature Dachshunds is 5-7 inches high from paw to shoulder with a weight of under 11 pounds.
Temperament Of The Dachshund
The Dachshund is renowned for their bold, curious and independent disposition. They can be wary of strangers, but their small size often makes them unsuitable as a guard dog.
The Dachshund is also demonstrated to be fairly intelligent – scoring 49th in comparison with other dogs in terms of their ability to be trained obedience commands.
They are known to be quite fragile when handled by small kids – making them not the best choice as a family pet. The Dachshund is quite friendly with other dogs but will not usually get along with smaller animals like birds or rabbits due to their prey instinct – for this reason it’s very important they are kept on the leash when out and about or otherwise they may see something and be inclined to give chase.
Living Requirements Of The Dachshund
The Dachshund doesn’t need a yard to give them room to run, so they are highly suitable for living in an apartment just as long as they are given daily exercise.
Health & Life Expectancy Of The Dachshund
As with lots of small-sized breeds, the Dachshund is generally quite long-lived having a life expectancy of 12-14 years. The greatest health problem for Dachshunds is universally proven to be spinal injuries – so it is necessary to train them not to jump and take other measures to avoid doing any damage to their back. They can also be prone to conditions like heart problems, urinary tract issues, diabetes and obesity which also puts additional strain on their back.
Exercise Needs Of The Dachshund
The Dachshund gets pleasure from pursuits such as chasing after a ball and play sessions in the park or other safe areas. They have a medium to high level of energy and have a need for exercise each day in the shape of moderate daily walks while on the leash to stop destructive behavior problems as well as excessive weight gain.