The Doberman Pinscher (nicknamed the “Dobie” and also known as just the “Dobermann” after their original creator) is a German working breed of dog. They feature a compact but muscular body, ears that may often be cropped to remain erect (though this is now illegal in many countries) and a short black, red, blue or fawn coat with rusty markings. Their high level of intelligence and trainability, fearlessness and obedience all help in making the Doberman Pinscher a popular option for police and military work, search and rescue, guarding, tracking, competitive obedience or therapy work.
Origins Of The Doberman Pinscher
The Doberman Pinscher is known to have first appeared in Germany at the end of the 19th century where their creation is credited to a tax collector named Louis Dobermann who developed this new dog breed to protect him while he worked. They are thought to be a result of crossing breeds that may have included the Rottweiler, German Pinscher, Greyhound, Beauceron, Black and Tan Terrier and Weimaraner.
Average Size Of The Doberman Pinscher
Doberman Pinschers are classed as a medium to large-sized breed of dog. The recommended standard size for the Doberman Pinscher male is 26-28 inches high from paw to shoulder and a weight of 60-85 pounds, whereas the recommended size for female Doberman Pinschers is 24-26 inches tall from paw to shoulder with a weight of 60-85 pounds.
Temperament Of The Doberman Pinscher
The Doberman Pinscher is famous for their fearless, energetic, loyal and alert personality. They are typically reserved with strangers but are known to aggressively defend their family or property if either are in danger, which can make them highly suitable as a guard dog.
Depending on the breeder, however, individual Doberman Pinschers can be much calmer than the traditional working standard and this can make them more sociable and accepting of strangers than Doberman Pinschers from different breeding lines that adhere more closely to the original standard.
The Doberman Pinscher is also accepted to be extremely intelligent – placing 5th in comparison with other dogs in terms of their ability to learn obedience commands.
They are known to be great with kids when introduced at an early age – making them quite suitable as a family pet. The Doberman Pinscher is not always friendly with other dogs who they may become aggressive with – though in some cases if they’re introduced to them at an early age they can also be known to get along quite well with other pets.
Living Requirements Of The Doberman Pinscher
The Doberman Pinscher is happiest with at least an average-sized yard to play in, but they are mildly suitable for apartment life provided they are given daily exercise. They enjoy warmer weather, and they will be made uncomfortable if it gets too cold – for this reason they should not be left outside in winter and if necessary they may need additional clothing to keep them warm in these months.
Health & Life Expectancy Of The Doberman Pinscher
In the vein of many medium to large-sized dogs, the Doberman Pinscher is in general slightly shorter-lived having a life expectancy of 10-12 years. The leading health problem for Doberman Pinschers is recognized as cervical vertebral instability or “Wobbler Syndrome” which causes them to wobble while they walk. They can also be vulnerable to conditions such as Von Willebrand’s disease, hip dysplasia, bloat and obesity which can result in heart or joint problems – so careful feeding is necessary, particularly once they mature past the middle stages of their life.
Exercise Needs Of The Doberman Pinscher
The Doberman Pinscher loves pursuits that include being given a job to do or competing in events such as agility that give them both physical and mental stimulation. They have a high level of energy and need to be given daily exercise in the shape of long walks or jogs to put a stop to destructive behavior problems as well as prevent excessive weight gain.