The Pomeranian (nicknamed the “Pom”) is a fox-like toy breed of dog that has historically been popular with several royal figures. They feature a thick double coat that comes in red, orange, cream, brown, white and several other multi-color combinations. Their intelligence, powder puff appearance and energetic and playful temperament make the Pomeranian a popular show dog and companion for singles and families with older children.
Origins Of The Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is believed to have come from the region of Pomerania which is now split between Germany and Poland around the mid-1700s with the original purpose of herding sheep. Later they gained popularity with a number of royal figures including Queen Victoria. They are said to be a descendant of the German Spitz and large working dogs from the Arctic region.
Average Size Of The Pomeranian
Pomeranians are classified as a tiny-sized dog. The recommended standard size for the Pomeranian male and female is 8-11 inches high from paw to shoulder and a weight of 3-7 pounds.
Temperament Of The Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is renowned for their busy, attentive and curious temperament. They are characteristically reserved with unfamiliar people and may bark a lot, which can mean they are suitable as a watch dog but not so much as a guard dog due to their size.
The Pomeranian is also demonstrated to be highly intelligent – scoring 23rd compared to other dogs in terms of their ability to be trained obedience commands.
They may need constant supervision around children to ensure they don’t become handled too roughly – which means they are not the most suitable choice as a family pet. The Pomeranian is quite well-matched with other pets if they are introduced at an early age.
Living Requirements Of The Pomeranian
The Pomeranian doesn’t always need a yard to give them room to run, so they can be suitable for apartment life just as long as they are walked on a regular basis. They enjoy cooler temperatures, and care needs to be taken to ensure they don’t overheat in summer.
Health & Life Expectancy Of The Pomeranian
Similar to a large number of small-sized breeds of dogs, the Pomeranian is commonly long-lived having a life expectancy of 12-15 years. The leading health problem for Pomeranians is generally proven to be teeth problems such as early teeth loss which can be prevented with regular brushing and eating dry dog food. They can also be prone to conditions like eye and skin infections, dislocated patella, slipped stifle, cataracts, dry eyes and heart defects.
Exercise Needs Of The Pomeranian
The Pomeranian enjoys endeavors such as going for a simple run around the house or taking part in regular play sessions. They possess a high level of energy and need daily exercise in the manner of relatively long walks with their owner to stop excessive barking and other behavior issues.