The Pug (sometimes called the “Chinese Pug”, “Dutch Mastiff” or “Dutch Bulldog”) is one of the largest toy dogs. They feature a short-muzzled face, big eyes, curly tail and a glossy coat that is sometimes pure black but most often fawn with a black face mask. Their adorable appearance, adaptability, charm and playful temperament make the Pug one of the most popular of all breeds for families, retirees and apartment dwellers.
Origins Of The Pug
The Pug is thought to have originated in China before 400BC – though, their exact origins are largely unknown as all records of them were destroyed by the Emperor of China around 200BC. They were primarily bred as lap dogs for Chinese royalty and share common ancestors with the Pekingese, Tibetan Spaniel and Lhasa Apso. The Pug was exported through Tibet where they later made their way to Holland via the Dutch East India Company – gaining alternate names such as the “Dutch Bulldog” and “Dutch Mastiff” as well as widespread popularity throughout Europe and eventually the rest of the world.
Average Size Of The Pug
Pugs are classed as a small-sized breed of dog. The suggested standard size for the Pug male and female is 10-11 inches tall from paw to shoulder and a weight of 14-18 pounds.
Temperament Of The Pug
The Pug is recognized for their pleasant, charming and dignified spirit. They are often very friendly with guests and attempt to make everyone their new best friend, which often makes them unsuitable as a guard dog.
The Pug is also accepted to be moderately intelligent – scoring 57th in comparison with other dogs when considering their capability to be trained obedience commands.
They are also well-known to be great with kids and can become good playmates – making them highly suitable as a family pet. The Pug is very well-matched with other animals such as cats, rabbits, birds and other dogs.
Living Requirements Of The Pug
The Pug doesn’t need a yard and is relatively inactive while inside, so they can be very suitable for living in an apartment provided they are given adequate exercise. They can be uncomfortable in both hot and cold temperatures and will prefer to remain inside in an air-conditioned environment for most of the time.
Health & Life Expectancy Of The Pug
Like the majority of small-sized dog breeds, the Pug is normally longer-lived possessing a life expectancy of 12-14 years. The greatest health concern for Pugs is generally recognized to be obesity due to their love for food and tendency to gain weight easily. They can also be prone to conditions like skin problems, colds and allergies, breathing issues or snoring due to the shape of their face, epilepsy and the unique genetic condition of Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE).
Exercise Needs Of The Pug
The Pug enjoys activities that include indoor games and short play sessions. They have a low to medium quantity of energy and need to be given exercise every day in the shape of short walks to avoid excessive weight gain – but this should only be done in cooler parts of the day.