The Rottweiler (once called the “Rottweil butcher dog” but now more commonly nicknamed the “Rottie”) is a powerful dog that is a natural-born protector. They are also widely considered to be a dangerous breed, though any aggression is almost guaranteed to be a result of irresponsible ownership. Their muscular and powerful physicality as well as their high level of obedience when properly trained make the Rottweiler a suitable selection for police and security work, herding and search and rescue or as a guard dog to protect the home and family.
Origins Of The Rottweiler
The Rottweiler has origins dating back to the times of the Roman Empire and was first bred by Germans in the town of Rottweil during the Middle Ages for the function of protecting cattle and guarding butchers’ money pouches – which led to them being known as the “Rottweil butcher dog”. They are understood to be a descendant of the Italian Mastiff.
Average Size Of The Rottweiler
Rottweilers are classed as a large-sized breed. The recommended standard size for the Rottweiler male is 24-27 inches high from paw to shoulder and a weight of 95-135 pounds, whereas the recommended size for female Rottweilers is 22-25 inches tall from paw to shoulder with a weight of 80-100 pounds.
Temperament Of The Rottweiler
The Rottweiler is famous for their alert and imposing disposition. They are usually slow to form friendships with visitors, which often makes them highly suitable as a guard dog.
The Rottweiler is also accepted to be extremely intelligent – ranking 9th compared to other dogs in terms of their capacity to be taught obedience commands.
They are also recognized to be protective and playful with kids if they are provided with proper training and leadership – which makes them quite suitable as a family pet. The Rottweiler is very friendly with other animals such as cats and smaller dogs so long as they are introduced at an early age.
Living Requirements Of The Rottweiler
The Rottweiler can be kept happy with a small yard given they aren’t very active when inside the home, so they are suitable for living in an apartment just as long as they are given enough exercise. They enjoy cooler climates and are known to overheat easily if it gets too hot.
Health & Life Expectancy Of The Rottweiler
Similar to a number of large-sized breeds, the Rottweiler is normally shorter-lived having a life expectancy of 8-13 years. The largest health concern for Rottweilers is widely known as hip dysplasia, though they are a relatively healthy breed with few serious problems. They can also be vulnerable to conditions which include cancer in some lines due to overbreeding, a higher susceptibility to parvovirus as a puppy (which can easily be prevented with vaccinations) and obesity if they are overfed or under-exercised.
Exercise Needs Of The Rottweiler
The Rottweiler is kept happy with hobbies such as being given a job to do, exploring the woods, swimming and chasing after balls. They possess a medium degree of energy but require daily exercise in the shape of long walks or runs alongside your bicycle to put a stop to excessive weight gain.