The Siberian Husky (also named the “Sibe” or Husky for short) is a medium-sized working breed of dog. They feature a thick black and white, grey and white or red and white coat with a white face mask but can also come in a variety of other colors such as pure white. This coat allows them to withstand temperatures up to minus 50 degrees celsius and their smaller size makes them faster than their relatives in the Alaskan Malamute and Samoyed. The Siberian Husky makes a suitable selection for sled racing, search and rescue operations and providing companionship for active households.
Origins Of The Siberian Husky
The Siberian Husky is believed to have come from north-eastern Siberia and along with the Samoyed and Alaskan Malamute they are genetically among the oldest breeds as descendants of the original Eskimo dog.
They were bred by the Chukchi people for pulling heavy loads over long distances in difficult conditions and were later exported to Alaska during the Nome Gold Rush as well as for expeditions to the North Pole and the 600-mile diphtheria serum run to Nome in 1925 made famous by the film Balto.
Leonhard Seppala was the foremost breeder and exporter of the dogs in the early 1900s before Siberian trade was closed in 1930, and is largely responsible for the breed’s initial distribution into the United States and Canada.
Average Size Of The Siberian Husky
Siberian Huskies are classified as a medium-sized breed. The suggested standard size for the Siberian Husky male is 21-23.5 inches tall from paw to shoulder and a weight of 45-60 pounds, while the recommended size for female Siberian Huskies is 20-21 inches high from paw to shoulder with a weight of 35-50 pounds.
Temperament Of The Siberian Husky
The Siberian Husky is renowned for their gentle, outgoing, adventurous and fun-loving disposition. They are often friendly and not suspicious of unfamiliar people, which can mean they are fairly unsuitable as a guard dog.
The Siberian Husky is also accepted to be quite intelligent – scoring equal 45th compared to other dogs when taking into account their capability to be trained obedience instructions.
They are renowned to be good with children when properly trained – making them quite suitable as a family pet. The Siberian Husky is quite friendly and non-aggressive with other dogs or other animals if raised with them from puppyhood.
Living Requirements Of The Siberian Husky
The Siberian Husky is best with a large, well-fenced yard to run around in and prevent them escaping, but they can be mildly suitable for life in an apartment provided they are given adequate exercise. They enjoy cooler environments, and care should be taken to keep them out of the heat due to the thickness of their coat.
Health & Life Expectancy Of The Siberian Husky
As with lots of medium-sized dogs, the Siberian Husky is typically longer-lived having a life expectancy of 12-14 years. The most severe health concern for Siberian Huskies is regularly proven to be hip dysplasia though this only occurs in around 2% of dogs. They can also be prone to conditions such as eye problems like cataracts or Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) and skin issues.
Exercise Needs Of The Siberian Husky
The Siberian Husky takes pleasure from endeavors such as sled racing or mushing in snowy environments but can be equally happy going on adventures as your hiking partner. They have a medium to high level of energy and this calls for exercise every day in the shape of long walks or jogs to prevent destructive behavior that results from a lack of physical and mental stimulation.